A Guide on Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana
Created on 29 Jan 2024
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India is expected to have the highest energy demand growth of any country globally over the next 30 years. That's why it's crucial to have a reliable source of energy. We can't rely on coal and other sources anymore, so we need to expand our capacity for solar power.
Our awesome Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, recently launched a program called Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana.
This program aims to provide solar power to 1 crore households across India, which is pretty amazing! However, as of 31 July 2023, only 2.2 GW of rooftop installations were reportedly installed in Indian homes. We've got a lot of work to do!
I know what you're thinking: "Isn't this the same thing as the Rooftop Solar Program launched in 2014?" Well, yes and no. The government did launch that program, but not much has been said about it since. We'll have to wait and see if this new program will successfully achieve its goals.
Before we talk more about the Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana, let's learn a bit about the Rooftop Solar Program.
Rooftop Solar Programme
As we move towards a more sustainable future, the government's efforts to promote rooftop
solar systems are becoming more crucial than ever.
The National Rooftop Scheme, launched in 2014, was an important step towards achieving a cumulative installed capacity of 40 gigawatts (GW) by 2022. However, the target was not met, and as a result, the government extended the deadline to 2026.
Looking ahead, there is a renewed effort by the government to achieve this target, as seen in Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana.
This financial support aimed at encouraging more households to embrace solar energy and reduce their carbon footprint is a positive step towards a cleaner and greener future.
With more and more people recognising the importance of renewable energy sources, we can hope to see a significant increase in the adoption of solar rooftop systems in the coming years.
What is Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana?
In a post on X, Modi shared:
The Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana announcement is a significant step towards providing every Indian household access to sustainable energy.
Prime Minister Modi's vision of every household having a solar rooftop system is a constructive initiative that can transform the energy sector in India.
By equipping 1 crore poor to middle-class households with rooftop solar panels, the scheme aims to reduce their dependence on traditional power grids, making them more self-reliant and reducing their electricity bills. This will also reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and the load on the already burdened power grid, making electricity more accessible.
The use of solar energy will not only create new job opportunities but also contribute to a cleaner and greener environment.
With the implementation of this scheme, we can look forward to a future where India becomes a global leader in renewable energy.
Alright, let's talk about India's Solar Capacity before we get into the good stuff about the Benefits and other implications. Trust me, it's worth knowing!
India's Solar Sector Scenario
Did you know that solar power in India has grown to around 73.31 GW as of December 2023? That's a lot of power! However, the rooftop solar installed capacity is only around 11.08 GW, which is pretty far from the goal of 40 GW by 2022.
If we talk about the states, Rajasthan is leading the way with 18.7 GW of solar capacity, followed by Gujarat with 10.5 GW. But it's important to note that this is the total solar capacity, not just rooftop solar. Gujarat leads the way in rooftop solar with 2.8 GW, followed by Maharashtra with 1.7 GW.
Solar power has the major share in India's current renewable energy capacity of around 180 GW. Out of this, solar power contributes 72.3 GW, followed by Large Hydro with 46.88 GW. But there's still a lot of room for growth in rooftop solar installations. We've made great progress already, but we must keep pushing to reach the desired target of 40 GW by 2022.
What are the Benefits of Rooftop Solar Panels?
Rooftop solar panels, also known as photovoltaic panels, provide a constructive solution to reduce our reliance on non-renewable energy sources.
By installing these panels on building rooftops, we can harness the sun's power and convert sunlight into electricity. This helps to reduce the consumption of grid-connected electricity and ultimately saves costs for consumers.
While an upfront capital investment is required to install a solar rooftop system, the maintenance costs are minimal in the long term.
By investing in this sustainable source of energy, we can not only reduce our electricity bills but contribute to environmental conservation by minimising carbon emissions.
This constructive step towards a greener future is one that we can all take.
Eligibility and Application Process
To benefit from the Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana, there are specific eligibility criteria that households must meet:
- Applicants must be permanent citizens of India.
- The applicant's annual income should not exceed a specified limit (to be determined).
- Applicants must possess the necessary documents for verification, including an Aadhar card, income certificate, domicile certificate, mobile number, electricity bill, bank passbook, passport-size photo, and ration card.
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is currently working on issuing guidelines for the scheme, including details about subsidies and rationalisation. Once the guidelines are released, interested households can apply online through the official website.
The Bottom Line
The Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana represents a significant step towards transforming India's energy sector and promoting sustainable development.
As the nation progresses towards a greener future, the Pradhan Mantri Suryoday Yojana will play a vital role in harnessing the sun's power to illuminate homes, conserve energy, and contribute to a more sustainable and self-reliant India.
We have multiple articles that cover Pradhan Mantri Yojanas. Please check out Transforming India: A Comprehensive Guide to Pradhan Mantri Yojanas. I encourage you to explore it and share your feedback with us.
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