Tax Club

New Tax Regime vs Old Tax Regime: Which Suits You More?

Created on 04 Jan 2021

Wraps up in 6 Min

Read by 5.7k people

Updated on 05 Mar 2024

The Budget of 2020 brought quite a few changes to our tax system. The most prominent change was the introduction of the New Tax Regime. However, this New Tax System was optional. But, many taxpayers were still confused as to which system they should follow.

The central government introduced a new personal income tax regime for the taxpayers in the Union Budget 2020. On the one hand, this new system comes with lower slab rates, and on the other hand, it eradicates particular deductions and claims.

The other point regarding this new tax regime is that it’s optional. This proposes that you do not need to forcibly select this system of taxation. You can choose to continue with the old method, in which you can claim all the accessible deductions and exemptions amalgamated with tax-saving investments.

  • So, are you confused between the old tax regime and the new tax regime
  • Are you still following the old tax regime, and are you still not clear about the new system? 
  • Is the newly introduced tax-system more beneficial for you?

If you are facing the above problems and are questioning which method of taxation to pick, you’re not the only one. With the tax filing season going on, many salaried employees and self-employed professionals are confronted with the same worries. 

To sort out this indecision, let’s understand these two methods of taxation.

You need to fill out Form 10-IEA to switch from the new tax regime (default) to the old tax regime? For the fiscal year 2024-25, the new tax regime has been decided to be the default tax regime. Hence, taxpayers favouring the old tax regime need to fill out Form 10-IEA before 31 July 2024 to file their ITR as per the old regime.

Old vs New Income Tax Regime

Choosing between the new and old tax regimes in India can be a challenging decision, as both have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. It ultimately depends on your individual financial situation and priorities.

Old Tax Regime:

The old tax regime has different slabs of income for different age groups. It also has different exemption limits for individuals between the age group of 60 and 80 years and persons above the age of 80 years. 

Furthermore, the old method allows you to claim deductions on your tax-saving investments. Look at the tax rates given below as per the old tax regime:

Old income slabs

Tax rates for people below 60 years

Tax rates for people between 60 and 80 years

Tax rates for people above 80 years

Up to Rs. 2,50,000




Rs. 2,50,001 to Rs. 3,00,000




Rs. 3,00,001 to Rs. 5,00,000




Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000




Above Rs. 10,00,000




New Tax Regime:

On the other hand, as per the new tax regime, the new tax rates are the same across all age groups. The income slabs are smaller and are divided more vigorously, and there are seven separate income slabs in the new income tax regime. Look at the tax rates given below as per the new tax regime:

New income slabs

Tax rates applicable

Up to Rs. 2,50,000


Rs. 2,50,001 to Rs. 5,00,000


Rs. 5,00,000 to Rs. 7,50,000


Rs. 7,50,001 to Rs. 10,00,000


Rs. 10,00,001 to Rs. 12,50,000


Rs. 12,50,001 to Rs. 15,00,000


Above Rs. 15,00,000


So, as you can see, the new income tax regime steadily enlarges the tax rate from one income slab to another.

Should you Continue with the Old Income Tax Regime?

The old tax method has been in place for quite some time now, and you’re perhaps more accustomed to it. However, the decision on whether or not you should select this method depends mainly on the slab in which your income occurs and on the tax-saving investments that you have in your portfolio.

Since this regime contains deductions involving tax-saving investments, it’s suitable to opt for this option if your portfolio contains tax-saving investments. By doing this, you can claim the whole ₹1.5 lakhs deduction permitted under Section 80C and reduce your income tax liability drastically.

Under the old tax regime, you can also have deductions for NPS investments of more than ₹1.5 lakhs allowed under Section 80C. You can claim a further ₹50,000 deduction for NPS investments under Section 80CCD(1B). The old system also offers you other advantages such as HRA exemption and deductions for home loan interest up to ₹2 lakhs. The old regime offers a wider range of deductions and exemptions compared to the new regime, which can help you reduce your tax liability.

On the other hand, a few aspects of the old tax regime that may complicate matters are also present:

  • Higher tax rates: The old regime offers higher tax rates compared to the new regime, especially for individuals with taxable income above ₹5 lakhs.
  • Complex tax structure: The old regime has a plethora of deductions and exemptions, which can make tax calculations complex.

You can adopt this tax regime if your income is low and you are capable of getting deductions offered in the old tax regime.

Should you Opt for the New Income Tax Regime?

The new tax rates may be perhaps lower in some cases. So, subject to your income level, you could be charged a lower rate as per the new tax regime. For example, say your total taxable income is ₹7,50,000. So, as per the old method, your tax rate is 20%.

Whereas, as per the new tax rates, it’s only 10%. This shows you that you should opt for the new income tax regime if the rates come out to be lower, so your tax liability is maximised. The new regime has fewer deductions and exemptions, making it easier to calculate your taxes.

On the other hand, the new tax regime has its own limitations:

  • No standard deduction: The new regime does not offer the standard deduction of ₹50,000 available in the old regime.
  • Limited deductions and exemptions: Most deductions and exemptions available under the old regime, such as HRA, LTA, medical insurance premium, etc., are not available in the new regime.

Moreover, since the new tax regime does not permit any deductions in tax, a person with fewer tax-saving investments may get more benefits from the new tax rates. You can adopt this tax rate if your income is high and your tax liability is low in the new tax regime as compared to the old tax regime.

What are Some Things to Keep in Mind Before Choosing any one Regime?

Before selecting from among the old and new systems, it benefits to follow some bits of advice and keep some ideas in mind. Here are some suggestions to help you make a choice:

1. Recognise the deductions and exemptions accessible to you.

2. Ascertain your total taxable income before and after deductions and assess the tax liabilities in the old and the new regimes.

3. If your liability is the same in both regimes, maybe you could get more benefits from the old system, which permits exemptions and deductions.

4. Furthermore, consider your long-term goals and strategize your investments suitably. Keep in mind that it’s not judicious to avoid investing in tax-saving options just because you’re picking the new scheme.

The Bottom Line

Before you select between the two methods of taxation, evaluate your alternatives prudently and make use of online tax calculators to decide your tax liability under each method.

If you have some amount of your savings open for investments, you can choose tax-saving investments to decrease your tax liability further in the old tax regime.

Theoretically, the new tax regime might be presenting lower tax rates and fewer technical hitches, but considering the total tax benefits that one can gain under the offered exemptions and deductions, the new tax regime doesn’t seem to give more benefit as one would end up paying a higher tax sum. In the end, the choice stays personal here.

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Pratiksha Mahawar

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Sugar, spice & everything nice, that's what Pratiksha is made of. This proactive human makes difficult things look easy through her amazing skill of managing everything, be it professional or academic. Let’s not forget how this “Potterhead” makes room for her ‘occasional writing’ hobby while she leads marketing activities at Finology. 

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