Infosys vs TCS: Fundamental Analysis
Created on 08 Apr 2022
Wraps up in 5 Min
Read by 11.8k people
Updated on 07 Sep 2022
Today, let me take you back to the 90’s era of the dot-com bubble, where practically any company with the suffix ‘dot.com’ was an instant hit. This overflowing love for technology and internet companies caused a bubble in the stock market that had excessive speculation about internet-related companies.
A lot of markets all around the world rose more than 100% in a short span of time but like a bubble, the stock market busted. On the contrary, innovation in the technology space, especially information technology, has only flourished.
Today, we will talk about information technology and the two most prominent companies in the sector, TCS & Infosys! So, let’s get started.
Overview of IT sector
It's not hidden that Information technology is one of the key sectors in any economy. If we take a look at the weightage of sectors under Nifty50, IT comprises 12.38% of it, and when we talk about the average contribution of IT to Indian GDP it has roughly been 5% to 8%. The IT and BPM (business process management) market also accounts for 56% of the global outsourcing market.
IT companies are asset-light and cash-rich and provide services such as cloud management, cybersecurity, consultancy, software services, network setup, help desk and so many more. Today, almost every company is a technology company be it fintech, edtech, food tech and whatnot. Nearly every startup is technology-based making the business model of these companies IT-based.
The graph below shows the market size of IT industry in India and its growth prospects.
The two major groups within the IT sector are software & services and technology hardware & equipment and between the periods 2000 & 2021, the computer software and hardware sector in India had attracted cumulative FDI inflows of $ 74.12. Also, the Indian IT business service market is projected to reach $19.93 billion by 2025. The major IT companies in India are TCS, L&T infotech Ltd., Infosys, HCL Technologies, Wipro, Tech Mahindra, Mphasis Ltd and more.
Today, we are going to discuss two of them i.e Infosys & TCS. So, let’s get started.
Company Overview of Infosys
Infosys was established in the year 1981 and today has global recognition and is also listed on NYSE. The company majorly operates in next-generation digital services & consulting, providing its services in more than 50 countries.
Infosys has made a strategic investment in different domains with its 13 subsidiaries across the globe. Infosys was listed on the Indian stock exchange in the year 1993. Take a look at the graph below for company essentials as of April 2022.
Company Overview of TCS
TCS was established in the year 1998 they are one of the global leaders in providing IT services, digital & business solutions and consulting-led services. Specifically working in domains related to analytics & insights, Blockchain, Automation & AI, cyber security, quality engineering and more.
As far as the management team is concerned the company is headed by N. Chandrasekaran as chairman.
The company essentials as of April 2022 are as shown below.
Infosys VS TCS: Stock comparison
Return on equity is a measure of the profitability of the company. It calculates the financial performance of the company and depicts how the profitability and efficiency of the company generate profits. An ROE of more than 15 is considered good and healthy for a company.
Return on capital employed shows how efficiently the company is generating profits from its capital. Though, ROCE is a measure to compare the performance of a company in capital-intensive sectors. While ROE only considers equity, ROCE considers debt and equity.
Take a look at the ROCE data of TCS and Infosys.
The price to earnings ratio or P/E ratio is a measure of earnings by a company based on its share price. A high P/E implies the stock of the company is overvalued or the investors are expecting high growth in the future.
The P/E ratio of Infosys as of April 2022 is 37.61 whereas for TCS it is 36.99.
Earning per share or EPS is a measure that depicts, the earnings of one share based on the company's profit. Suppose, the profit of the company is ₹500 and the number of shares outstanding in the market is 100. Then, in that case, the EPS would be ₹5 (500/100)
The higher the EPS the better it is for shareholders. It is also an indicator of higher profit. The EPS of TCS & Infosys as of April 2022 is ₹99.93 and ₹48.77 respectively.
5 Year CAGR return
CAGR or compounded annual growth rate is one of the most accurate ways to calculate the returns. It is nothing but the measure of how much you have earned on your investment over a period of time.
The 5-year CAGR of TCS and Infosys are as follows.
For an IT company, employees are its biggest asset. Attrition is the rate at which employees are leaving the organization. Reportedly Attrition in the Indian IT sector is very high. For the quarter ending December 2021, the attrition rate of TCS was 15.30% but for Infosys, it was 25.50%.
The dynamics of TCS & Infosys together forecast the whole sector. The biggest threat for any IT company that operates globally is the appreciation of INR against the USD. Any kind of appreciation like this will lead to fall in rupee revenue because most currencies earn in foreign currency. But both TCS & Infosys need not worry about the rupee rise because major IT companies hedge the currencies in the forex market including these two.
All in all, India is the topmost offshoring destination for IT companies globally. And Indian IT and business services industry is expected to grow by USD 19.93 billion by 2025.
This was just about TCS & Infosys in the IT sector. There are195+ IT companies listed in India. Analyse them and make a smart decision on your own with the help of Ticker by Finology, your stock research companion that has stock analysis tools, peer comparison, Bundles and so much more.
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