Investor's Psychology

How to Choose Between Value & Growth Stocks for More Returns?

Created on 22 Mar 2024

Wraps up in 6 Min

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Updated on 31 Mar 2024

Growth Vs Value Investing

Among the many investing strategies adopted throughout the world by over 80 million investors, value and growth investing are the most popular. Both strategies offer distinct approaches, each with its own set of advantages and considerations.

Understanding the differences and choosing the right one between them can significantly impact your investment success. This article delves into the nuances of value & growth investing and helps you strengthen your portfolio in terms of what’s best for your investing goals.

If you are a long-term investor, then there is a good chance you are using the value investing or growth investing strategy, either knowingly or unknowingly.

What is Value Investing, and How is it Helpful?

The value investing method, popularised by the legendary investor Warren Buffett, stands as a beacon of success in long-term investing. Buffett's success in the investing realm proves this strategy's positive outcome.

Value investing is a slow & steady approach to investing in the kind of stocks that are often perceived as undervalued by the market. Thus, these stocks offer investors an opportunity to buy them at a bargain.

Value investors believe that over time, the market will recognise the intrinsic value of these stocks, leading to price appreciation.

Things to Keep in Mind While Investing in Value Stocks:

a. Fundamental Analysis:

Value investors heavily rely on fundamental analysis to assess a company's financial health, competitive advantage, and long-term prospects. This involves scrutinising financial ratios like Price-to-Earnings (P/E), Return on Equity (ROE), and other financial ratios to identify stocks trading below their intrinsic value.

b. Contrarian Approach:

Value investors often go against the market herd mentality. This is referred to as the contrarian approach. They're willing to buy stocks that are out of favour or overlooked by the market, believing the market has mispriced them.

c. Quality Matters:

Don't be solely swayed by a low price tag. While value is important, the company shouldn't have fundamental weaknesses or be in a declining industry. Look for undervalued companies with strong financials, a sustainable business model, and a good management team.

Get a quick list of the best value stocks in 2024 by reading the article: How to find Value Stocks in India.

What is Growth Investing, and How is it Helpful?

Unlike value investing’s “tortoise wins the race” approach, growth investing focuses on increasing investors' capital at a much faster pace.

Growth stocks represent companies expected to grow at an above-average rate compared to other firms in the market or the overall economy. These companies often reinvest their earnings into further expansion, innovation, or research & development rather than distributing them as dividends.

Growth investors are attracted to the potential for rapid revenue and earnings growth, which can result in substantial capital gains.

Due to the high growth expectations, growth stocks often trade at a premium. This means their Price-to-Earnings (P/E) ratio might be higher compared to their current earnings.

Growth stocks have the potential to be multi-bagger and are often considered an ideal choice for long-term investors. Make sure to check historical and future earning metre, ROE, cash conversions ratio, etc.

Things to Keep in Mind While Investing in Growth Stocks:

a. Price Surges:

These stocks hold the potential for high capital appreciation, which means their share price could increase significantly over time. However, this growth isn't guaranteed, and these stocks can be pretty volatile, experiencing substantial price swings.

b. Market Sensitivity:

Growth stocks tend to be more sensitive to market fluctuations. During economic downturns, investor sentiment can turn negative, and growth stocks can experience sharper price declines than the broader market.

c. Margin of Safety:

Growth stocks have a much lower margin of safety due to their valuations being more than value stocks.

d. Liquidity:

Some high-growth stocks, especially those in new industries, may have lower trading volumes. This can make it more difficult to buy or sell shares quickly.

Choosing Between Growth & Value Stocks

Usually, expert investors out there like Warren Buffett, Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, Radhakishan Damani, etc., follow one or the other approach. They run a tight ship and strictly follow their planned investing standards.

But let me tell you a secret. Even the best long-term investors can switch between growth or value investing.

Wondering how to do that? 👇

That's right! You must be persistent, patient, and strict with your investment ideas. Analyse your goals and then study the market. The trick that most investors follow is to look for growth stocks when the market is in bull mode and to invest in value stocks during a bearish run. Apart from it, the image below shows a few differences between the two. 👇

Growth Vs Value Stocks

Wait, wait! Don't just open your brokerage accounts and start selling or buying stocks left & right. There are still multiple factors you need to consider before choosing between the two strategies:

1. Investment Goals and Risk Tolerance:

Your investment objectives and risk tolerance are crucial in determining whether value or growth stocks suit your portfolio. If you prioritise stability, consistent dividends, and a margin of safety, value stocks may align better with your goals.

Conversely, growth stocks might be more appealing if you're comfortable with higher volatility and seek significant capital appreciation.

2. Market Conditions:

As I already hinted above, market conditions can influence the relative performance of value and growth stocks. During periods of economic uncertainty or market downturns, investors often flock to value stocks, seeking refuge in companies with solid fundamentals and stable earnings.

On the other hand, during bullish phases or when economic prospects are favourable, growth stocks tend to outperform as investors chase high-growth opportunities.

3. Valuation Metrics:

Various valuation metrics can aid in assessing whether a stock is more aligned with a value or growth investment strategy. For value stocks, metrics such as P/E, P/B, and dividend yield are commonly used to identify undervalued opportunities.

Meanwhile, growth stocks may exhibit high P/E ratios, reflecting investor optimism about their future earnings potential.

4. Sector and Industry Analysis:

Sector and industry dynamics can influence the attractiveness of value and growth stocks within specific market sectors. Some industries, such as utilities or consumer staples, are traditionally associated with value investing due to their stable cash flows and defensive characteristics.

In contrast, technology, biotechnology, and innovative sectors often harbour growth opportunities driven by technological advancements and disruptive innovations. That is also why many major companies like Microsoft and Apple are now considered growth stocks.

The Bottom Line

I would like to conclude the debate by highlighting a few more areas you must remember while investing.

  • Regardless of whether you choose value or growth stocks, diversification remains a no-brainer. You can mitigate risk and enhance long-term returns by spreading your investments across different asset classes, sectors, and geographic regions.
  • Both value and growth investing require patience and a long-term perspective. Value stocks offer immediate benefits through undervaluation and dividends, while growth stocks have the potential to unfold over several years.
  • Market conditions are dynamic, and what may be favourable for value stocks today could shift towards growth stocks tomorrow. Stay abreast of macroeconomic trends, industry developments, and shifts in investor sentiment to adapt your investment strategy accordingly.

So, remain flexible and open-minded, willing to adjust your portfolio composition as market dynamics evolve.

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Preeti Gupta

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A book-lover who adores everything fictional, Preeti has undertaken the life mission of tasting every flavour available in the pantry. A science student with a Master's in Mass Communication, she now wishes to conquer the Finance world as a writer. With the power invested by the randomly chosen music, she is here to make Finance fun for you.

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